Original Research

The efficacy of the Senior South African Individual Scale Revised in distinguishing between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, normal and sluggish cognitive tempo children

Leila Abdool Gafoor, Alban Burke, Jean Fourie
African Journal of Psychological Assessment | Vol 3 | a45 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajopa.v3i0.45 | © 2021 Leila Abdool Gafoor, Alban Burke, Jean Fourie | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 11 December 2020 | Published: 29 July 2021

About the author(s)

Leila Abdool Gafoor, Centre for Psychological Services and Career Development (PsyCaD), University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Alban Burke, Centre for Psychological Services and Career Development (PsyCaD), University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Jean Fourie, Department of Education, Faculty of Education, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa


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Abstract

The primary objective of this study was to determine whether attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and a non-clinical (NC) group of learners perform differently on the Senior South African Individual Scale Revised (SSAIS-R). The rationale for this study is based on literature that argues for SCT to be considered as a separate and unique disorder to ADHD. The SSAIS-R results of 618 (7–17 years of age) children were analysed for the purposes of this study. The total sample consisted of three groups, that is, ADHD (n = 106), NC (n = 427) and SCT (n = 85). Between-group t-tests were performed to test for significant differences between the three groups with regard to the different SSAIS-R subtests. The results indicated significant differences between NC and ADHD, NC and SCT but not between ADHD and SCT. These results suggest that if SCT is considered to be a separate disorder from ADHD, then this is not evident in terms of the performance on the SSAIS-R. It is recommended that other cognitive and neuropsychological assessments be included in future research to ascertain whether SCT, if it exists, affects performance differently to ADHD.

Keywords

cognitive performance; ADHD; SCT; SSAIS-R; attention; cognitive assessments

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