Original Research

Measuring cognitive emotion regulation in South Africa using the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire-short form

Itai Propheta, Casper J.J. van Zyl
African Journal of Psychological Assessment | Vol 1 | a9 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajopa.v1i0.9 | © 2019 Itai Propheta, Casper J.J. van Zyl | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 January 2019 | Published: 18 April 2019

About the author(s)

Itai Propheta, Department of Psychology, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Casper J.J. van Zyl, Department of Psychology, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa


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Abstract

Cognitive emotion regulation plays an important role in how people manage stressful life events. Some strategies are adaptive, while others are maladaptive and linked to several forms of psychopathology. The Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ)-short form measures an individual’s proclivity to use different strategies in response to longer term stressors. The CERQ-short was developed in the Netherlands, and although it has been standardised in several countries, it is yet to be validated for use in South Africa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the CERQ-short within the South African context. The study was conducted at a large urban university in the Gauteng province of South Africa. The above was considered on the basis of a reliability analysis and an investigation into the confirmatory factor structure of the CERQ-short using data from a group of urban South African university students (n = 1904). With some exceptions, results indicated acceptable reliability for the scales ranging between 0.58 and 0.82. Confirmatory factor analysis found reasonable support for a basic nine-factor model. The measurement properties of the CERQ-short were found to be weaker in South Africa compared to that reported in its country of origin. But it was nonetheless found to hold promise for use in our multicultural and multilingual context. In particular, it may be useful for research studies where brevity is called for.

Keywords

CERQ-short; cognitive emotion regulation; psychometric properties; reliability; validity

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